Authors: David J. Tate, Maria Eva Argenziano, John Anderson, Pradeep Bhandari, Ivo Boškoski, Marek Bugajski, Lobke Desomer, Steven J. Heitman, Hiroshi Kashida, Vladimir Kriazhov,* , Ralph R. T. Lee, Ivan Lyutakov, Pedro Pimentel-Nunes, Liseth Rivero-Sánchez, Siwan Thomas-Gibson, Henrik Thorlacius, Michael J. Bourke, Tony C. Tham, Raf Bisschops
* Although both ESGE and the Thieme Group adhere to a policy prohibiting publications by Russian authors in Endoscopy at this time, an exception has been made to include Dr. Kriazhov owing to the fact that his significant contribution to this Position Statement was made before Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is the standard of care for the complete removal of large (≥ 10 mm) nonpedunculated colorectal polyps (LNPCPs). Increased detection of LNPCPs owing to screening colonoscopy, plus high observed rates of incomplete resection and need for surgery call for a standardized approach to training in EMR.
1 Trainees in EMR should have achieved basic competence in diagnostic colonoscopy, <10-mm polypectomy, pedunculated polypectomy, and common methods of gastrointestinal endoscopic hemostasis. The role of formal training courses is emphasized. Training may then commence in vivo under the direct supervision of a trainer.
2 Endoscopy units training endoscopists in EMR should have specific processes in place to support and facilitate training
3 A trained EMR practitioner should have mastered theoretical knowledge including how to assess an LNPCP for risk of submucosal invasion, how to interpret the potential difficulty of a particular EMR procedure, how to decide whether to remove a particular LNPCP en bloc or piecemeal, whether the risks of electrosurgical energy can be avoided for a particular LNPCP, the different devices required for EMR, management of adverse events, and interpretation of reports provided by histopathologists
4 Trained EMR practitioners should be familiar with the patient consent process for EMR.
5 The development of endoscopic non-technical skills (ENTS) and team interaction are important for trainees in EMR.
6 Differences in recommended technique exist between EMR performed with and without electrosurgical energy. Common to both is a standardized technique based upon dynamic injection, controlled and precise snare placement, safety checks prior to the application of tissue transection (cold snare) or electrosurgical energy (hot snare), and interpretation of the post-EMR resection defect
7 A trained EMR practitioner must be able to manage adverse events associated with EMR including intraprocedural bleeding and perforation, and post-procedural bleeding. Delayed perforation should be avoided by correct interpretation of the post-EMR defect and treatment of deep mural injury.
8 A trained EMR practitioner must be able to communicate EMR procedural findings to patients and provide them with a plan in case of adverse events after discharge and a follow-up plan.
9 A trained EMR practitioner must be able to detect and interrogate a post-endoscopic resection scar for residual or recurrent adenoma and apply treatment if necessary.
9 Prior to independent practice, a minimum of 30 EMR procedures should be performed, culminating in a trainer guided assessment of competency using a validated assessment tool, taking account of procedural difficulty (e. g. using the SMSA polyp score).
10 Trained practitioners should log their key performance indicators (KPIs) of polypectomy during independent practice. A guide for target KPIs is provided in this document.