European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

Indications, results, and clinical impact of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided sampling in gastroenterology: European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) Clinical Guideline – Updated January 2017

Authors: Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Pierre H. Deprez, Christian Jenssen, Julio Iglesias-Garcia, Alberto Larghi, Geoffroy Vanbiervliet, Guruprasad P. Aithal, Paolo G. Arcidiacono, Pedro Bastos, Silvia Carrara, László Czakó, Gloria Fernández-Esparrach, Paul Fockens, Àngels Ginès, Roald F. Havre, Cesare Hassan, Peter Vilmann, Jeanin E. van Hooft, Marcin Polkowski

Main recommendations

For pancreatic solid lesions, ESGE recommends performing endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided sampling as first-line procedure when a pathological diagnosis is required. Alternatively, percutaneous sampling may be considered in metastatic disease.
Strong recommendation, moderate quality evidence.
In the case of negative or inconclusive results and a high degree of suspicion of malignant disease, ESGE suggests reevaluating the pathology slides, repeating EUS-guided sampling, or surgery.
Weak recommendation, low quality evidence.

In patients with chronic pancreatitis associated with a pancreatic mass, EUS-guided sampling results that do not confirm cancer should be interpreted with caution.
Strong recommendation, low quality evidence.

For pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs), ESGE recommends EUSguided sampling for biochemical analyses plus cytopathological examination if a precise diagnosis may change patient management, except for lesions ≤ 10 mm in diameter with no high risk stigmata. If the volume of PCL aspirate is small, it is recommended that carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level determination be done as the first analysis.
Strong recommendation, low quality evidence.

For esophageal cancer, ESGE suggests performing EUSguided sampling for the assessment of regional lymph nodes (LNs) in T1 (and, depending on local treatment policy, T2) adenocarcinoma and of lesions suspicious for metastasis such as distant LNs, left liver lobe lesions, and suspected peritoneal carcinomatosis.
Weak recommendation, low quality evidence.

For lymphadenopathy of unknown origin, ESGE recommends performing EUS-guided (or alternatively endobronchial ultrasound [EBUS]-guided) sampling if the pathological result is likely to affect patient management and no superficial lymphadenopathy is easily accessible.
Strong recommendation, moderate quality evidence.

In the case of solid liver masses suspicious for metastasis, ESGE suggests performing EUS-guided sampling if the pathological result is likely to affect patient management, and (i) the lesion is poorly accessible/not detected at percutaneous imaging, or (ii) a sample obtained via the percutaneous route repeatedly yielded an inconclusive result.
Weak recommendation, low quality evidence.

Indications, results, and clinical impact of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided sampling in gastroenterology: European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) Clinical Guideline – Updated January 2017

Download full guideline

DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-109021
Published online: 2017 | Endoscopy
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